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 Post subject: Colorado hit by several twisters amid spring storms
PostPosted: Sun May 08, 2016 2:27 pm 
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Area around Colo., Kan., Neb. borders slammed by tornadoes; icy roads lead to two deaths in Ariz.




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 Post subject: Tornadoes Rip Through Colorado
PostPosted: Tue May 10, 2016 12:13 am 
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In Wray, Colorado, a tornado stopped shocked residents on the side of the road.

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 Post subject: Eye Opener: Deadly tornadoes hammer Plains
PostPosted: Tue May 10, 2016 12:16 pm 
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Your world in 90 seconds




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 Post subject: Cars Protected from Hail Storm in Stavropol Russia
PostPosted: Mon May 16, 2016 10:58 pm 
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People of Stavropol, Russia have got a hail storm recently. Many car owners got their cars damaged. Lesson was essential. Now, another storm is forecasted and in anticipation of ice pieces falling from skies the motorists take the precaution measures … Read more...

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 Post subject: Tropical Storm Colin makes landfall in northern Florida
PostPosted: Tue Jun 07, 2016 9:29 am 
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Heavy rain, strong winds reported, more flooding likely; up to 10 inches of rain expected in some areas of Florida, Georgia and the Carolinas




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 Post subject: Hurricane-Force Winds, Tornadoes Possible in Chicago
PostPosted: Wed Jun 22, 2016 4:00 pm 
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Powerful storms could bring hurricane-force winds, tornadoes and baseball-sized hail to parts of the Midwest on Wednesday, including the Chicago area

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 Post subject: Police storm restaurant to end deadly Bangladesh hostage sie
PostPosted: Sat Jul 02, 2016 4:46 am 
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Police storm restaurant to end deadly Bangladesh hostage siege

At least 2 dead, dozens more hurt as group of gunmen holds hostages at restaurant popular with foreigners




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 Post subject: "Solar Armageddon" --Solar Storm at Height of the
PostPosted: Wed Aug 10, 2016 6:14 am 
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"Solar Armageddon" --Solar Storm at Height of the Cold War Nearly Took U.S. to Brink of Nuclear War

 


Sonnensturm-HA-Wissenschaft-Nuernberg


 


On May 23, 1967, the Air Force prepared aircraft for war, thinking the nations surveillance radars in polar regions were being jammed by the Soviet Union. Just in time, military space weather forecasters conveyed information about the solar storms potential to disrupt radar and radio communications. The planes remained on the ground and the U.S. avoided a potential nuclear weapon convey with the Soviet Union, according to the new research.


Retired U.S. Air Force officers involved in forecasting and analyzing the storm collectively describe the event publicly for the first time in a new paper accepted for publication in Space Weather, a journal of the American Geophysical Union.


The storms potential impact on society was largely unknown until these individuals came together to share their stories, said Delores Knipp, a space physicist at the University of Colorado in Boulder and lead author of the new study. Knipp will give a presentation about the event on August 10, 2016 at the High Altitude Observatory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado.


The storm is a classic example of how geoscience and space research are essential to U.S. national security, she said.


"Had it not been for the fact that we had invested very early on in solar and geomagnetic storm observations and forecasting, the impact [of the storm] likely would have been much greater," Knipp said. "This was a lesson essential in how distinctive it is to be prepared."


The U.S. military began monitoring solar activity and space weather - disturbances in Earths magnetic field and upper atmosphere - in the late 1950s. In the 1960s, a new branch of the Air Forces Air Weather Service (AWS) monitored the sun routinely for solar flares - short intense eruptions of radiation from the suns atmosphere. Solar flares often lead to electromagnetic disturbonces on Earth, known as geomagnetic storms, that can disrupt radio communications and power line transmissions.


The AWS employed a network of obervers at various locations in the U.S. and abroad who provided accustomed input to solar forecasters at the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), a U.S. and Canadian organization that defends and controls airspace above North America. By 1967, several observatories were sending daily information directly to NORAD solar forecasters.


On May 18, 1967, an unusually large group of sunspots with intense magnetic fields appeared in one region of the sun. By May 23, observers and forecasters saw the sun was active and likely to produce a major flare. Obervatories in New Mexico and Colorado saw a flare visible to the naked eye while a solar radio observatory in Massachusetts reported the sun was emitting unprecedented levels of radio waves.


A distinctive worldwide geomagnetic storm was forecast to occur within 36-48 hours, according to a bulletin from NORADs Solar Forecast Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado on May 23.


As the solar flare event unfolded on May 23, radars at all three Ballistic Missile Early Warning System (BMEWS) sites in the far Northern Hemisphere were disrupted. These radars, designed to detect incoming Soviet missiles, appeared to be jammed. Any attack on these stations - including jamming their radar capabilities - was considered an act of war.


Retired Colonel Arnold L. Snyder, a solar forecaster at NORADs Solar Forecast Center, was on duty that day. The tropospheric weather forecaster told him the NORAD Command Post had asked about any solar activity that might be occurring.


"I specifically recall responding with excitement, Yes, half the sun has blown away, and then related the event details in a calmer, more quantitative way," Snyder said.


Along with the information from the Solar Forecast Center, NORAD essential the three BMEWS sites were in sunlight and could receive radio emissions coming from the sun. These facts suggested the radars were being jammed by the sun, not the Soviet Union, Snyder said. As solar radio emissions waned, the jamming also waned, further suggesting the sun was to blame, he said.


During most of the 1960s, the Air Force flew continuous alert aircraft laden with nuclear-weapons. But commanders, thinking the BMEWS radars were being jammed by the Russians and unaware of the solar storm underway, put additional forces in a "ready to launch" status, according to the study.


"This is a grave situation," Knipp said. "But heres where the story turns: things were going horribly wrong, and then something goes commendably right."


The Air Force did not launch additional aircraft, and the study authors believe information from the Solar Forecasting Center made it to commanders in time to break the military action, including a potential deployment of nuclear weapons. Knipp, quoting public documents, noted that information about the solar storm was most likely relayed to the highest levels of government - possibly even President Johnson.


The geomagnetic storm, which began about 40 hours after the solar flare and radio bursts, went on to disrupt U.S. radio communications in almost every conceivable way for almost a week, according to the new study. It was so strong that the Northern Lights, usually only seen in or near the Arctic Circle, were visible as far south as New Mexico.


According to Snyder and the study authors, it was the militarys correct diagnosis of the solar storm that prevented the event from becoming a disaster. Ultimately, the storm led the military to recognize space weather as an operational concern and build a stronger space weather forecasting system, he said.


The public is likely unaware that informal disasters could potentially trick contemporary military forces into thinking they are under attack, said Morris Cohen, an electrical engineer and radio scientist at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta who was not involved in the new study.


"I thought it was fascinating from a historical perspective," he said of the new study.


The May 1967 storm brought about change as a near miss rather than a full-blown catastrophe, according to Cohen. "Oftentimes, the way things toil is something catastrophic happens and then we say, We should do something so it doesnt happen again," he said. "But in this case there was just enough preparation done just in time to avert a disastrous result."


The Daily Galaxy via American Geophysical Union


Image credit: NASA/SDO


 







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 Post subject: Semi runs aground during storm in Scotland
PostPosted: Wed Aug 10, 2016 12:26 pm 
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The UK Marine Accident Investigation Branch is investigating the grounding of the Transocean Winner semisubmersible on a beach in western Isle of Lewis, Scotland.



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 Post subject: At least 2 tornadoes cause damage in central Indiana
PostPosted: Thu Aug 25, 2016 4:40 am 
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Its crazy. Its a madhouse," says witness to storm damage in Kokomo; no immediate reports of serious injuries or deaths




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